Model of a contact lens and tear layer at static equilibrium

Bhagya Athukorallage, Ram Iyer

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this paper, we study the static stability of a spherical cap lens and a tear layer. The contact angle of the tear meniscus with the cornea and contact lens may have a range of values due to capillary effect hysteresis. As the lens is in static equilibrium all the forces and moments sum to zero. Capillary effect hysteresis is found to be a beneficial effect aiding the stability of the lens. The forces acting on the lens are its weight, force due to hydrostatic and atmospheric pressures and surface tension on the periphery of the lens due to the tear meniscus. The fixed parameters in the model are weight of the lens, coefficient of surface tension, magnitude of gravitational acceleration, density of the tear liquid and physical parameters of the lens such as the diameter and base curve radius. The adjustable parameters in the model are contact angles of the tear meniscus with the cornea and contact lens respectively and the position of the lens on the cornea. Numerical experiments suggest that there exists a range of values for the adjustable parameters that lead to physically reasonable solutions, for lens position; extent of overlap of the lower lid on the lens; pressure due to the lid on the lens; and the thickness of tear layer between the lens and the cornea.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2013 American Control Conference, ACC 2013
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages3605-3612
Number of pages8
ISBN (Print)9781479901777
DOIs
StatePublished - 2013
Event2013 1st American Control Conference, ACC 2013 - Washington, DC, United States
Duration: Jun 17 2013Jun 19 2013

Publication series

NameProceedings of the American Control Conference
ISSN (Print)0743-1619

Conference

Conference2013 1st American Control Conference, ACC 2013
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityWashington, DC
Period06/17/1306/19/13

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