Mitochondrial reactive oxygen species induces NLRP3-dependent lysosomal damage and inflammasome activation

Michelle Heid, Peter Keyel, Christine Kamga, Sruti Shiva, Simon Watkins, Russell Salter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-like receptor family, pyrin domain-containing 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome drives many inflammatory processes and mediates IL-1 family cytokine release. Inflammasome activators typically damage cells and may release lysosomal and mitochondrial products into the cytosol. Macrophages triggered by the NLRP3 inflammasome activator nigericin show reduced mitochondrial function and decreased cellular ATP. Release of mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (ROS) leads to subsequent lysosomal membrane permeabilization (LMP). NLRP3-deficient macrophages show comparable reduced mitochondrial function and ATP loss, but maintain lysosomal acidity, demonstrating that LMP is NLRP3 dependent. A subset of wild-type macrophages undergo subsequent mitochondrial membrane permeabilization and die. Both LMP and mitochondrial membrane permeabilization are inhibited by potassium, scavenging mitochondrial ROS, or NLRP3 deficiency, but are unaffected by cathepsin B or cas
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5230-5238
JournalJournal of Immunology
StatePublished - Nov 15 2013

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