Mitochondrial reactive oxygen species induces NLRP3-dependent lysosomal damage and inflammasome activation

Michelle E. Heid, Peter A. Keyel, Christelle Kamga, Sruti Shiva, Simon C. Watkins, Russell D. Salter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

348 Scopus citations


The nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-like receptor family, pyrin domain-containing 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome drives many inflammatory processes and mediates IL-1 family cytokine release. Inflammasome activators typically damage cells and may release lysosomal and mitochondrial products into the cytosol. Macrophages triggered by the NLRP3 inflammasome activator nigericin show reduced mitochondrial function and decreased cellular ATP. Release of mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (ROS) leads to subsequent lysosomal membrane permeabilization (LMP). NLRP3-deficient macrophages show comparable reduced mitochondrial function and ATP loss, but maintain lysosomal acidity, demonstrating that LMP is NLRP3 dependent. A subset of wildtype macrophages undergo subsequent mitochondrial membrane permeabilization and die. Both LMP and mitochondrial membrane permeabilization are inhibited by potassium, scavenging mitochondrial ROS, or NLRP3 deficiency, but are unaffected by cathepsin B or caspase-1 inhibitors. In contrast, IL-1β secretion is ablated by potassium, scavenging mitochondrial ROS, and both cathepsin B and caspase-1 inhibition. These results demonstrate interplay between lysosomes and mitochondria that sustain NLRP3 activation and distinguish cell death from IL-1β release.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5230-5238
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Immunology
Issue number10
StatePublished - Nov 15 2013


Dive into the research topics of 'Mitochondrial reactive oxygen species induces NLRP3-dependent lysosomal damage and inflammasome activation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this