MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are ~21-nucleotide long endogenous small RNAs that regulate gene expression through post-transcriptional or transcriptional gene silencing (PTGS/TGS) and/or translational inhibition. miRNAs can arise from the “exon” of a MIRNA gene, from an intron (e.g. mirtrons in animals), or from the antisense strand of a protein coding gene (natural antisense microRNAs, nat-miRNAs). Here we demonstrate that two functionally related miRNAs unique to the Arabidopsis species A.thaliana and A.lyrata, miR842 and miR846, arise from the same transcription unit but from alternate splicing isoforms. miR846 is expressed only from Isoform1 while in Isoforms2 and -3, a part of pre-miR846 containing the miRNA* sequence is included in the intron, preventing the formation of a stem-loop structure when spliced. We name this novel phenomenon splicing-regulated miRNA. Abscisic acid (ABA) is shown to mediate the alternative splicing event by reducing the functional Isoform1 and increasing the
|Pages (from-to)||447-460. DOI 10.1007/s11103-013-0015-6|
|Journal||Plant Molecular Biology ms# PLAN-D-12-04398|
|State||Published - Feb 23 2013|
Jia, F., & Rock, C. (2013). MIR846 and MIR842 comprise a cistronic MIRNA pair that is regulated by abscisic acid by alternative splicing in roots of Arabidopsis. Plant Molecular Biology ms# PLAN-D-12-04398, 447-460. DOI 10.1007/s11103-013-0015-6.