Millimeter-wave radar cane: A blind people aid with moving human recognition capabilities

Emanuele Cardillo, Changzhi Li, Alina Caddemi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


This contribution presents an electronic travel aid for blind and visually-impaired people based on a millimeter wave radar and a traditional white-cane. It not only represents an advanced system able to warn the user of potential obstacles, but also discerns between human and nonhuman targets. Since real scenarios would likely have moving targets, a new range alignment technique has been proposed with the aim of detecting the tiny chest displacement due to the physiological activity as the key sign of the human presence. The proposed system is able to properly recognize humans in complex environments with multiple moving targets, thus providing to the user a complete set of information, namely presence, position and nature of the available targets. The operating principle and the effectiveness of the system are shown both by simulated case studies and by employing a 122 GHz radar board for carrying out suitable measurements.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)204-211
Number of pages8
JournalIEEE Journal of Electromagnetics, RF and Microwaves in Medicine and Biology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 1 2022


  • Breathing rate
  • Electronic travel aid (ETA)
  • Frequency-modulated continuous wave (FMCW)
  • Microwave and millimeter-wave radar
  • Range alignment
  • Range migration
  • Visually impaired and blind people
  • Vital sign detection.


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