Interaction of electric fields with biological systems has begun to receive considerable attention for applications that include field-assisted drug delivery, medical interventions, and genetic engineering. External fields induce the strongest effects at membranes with electroporation being a common feature. Membrane transport in this context of poration is often based on continuum approaches utilizing macroscopic parameters such as the permittivity, diffusion coefficients, and mobilities. In such modeling, field dependences, local inhomogeneities, and microscopic details are usually ignored. Here, a molecular dynamics (MD) scheme is used for a more rigorous and physically realistic evaluation of such parameters for potential application to electroporative transport model development. A suitable membrane structure containing a nanopore derived from MD analysis is used as the initial geometric configuration. Both static and frequency dependent diffusion coefficients have been evaluated. Permittivities are also calculated and shown to be dramatically non-uniform in the vicinity of membranes under high external fields. A positive feedback mechanism leading to enhanced membrane fields is discussed.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|State||Published - Sep 22 2006|
- Lipid membrane
- Molecular dynamics
- Transport parameters