Microarray-based characterization of differential gene expression during vocal fold wound healing in rats

Nathan V. Welham, Changying Ling, John A. Dawson, Christina Kendziorski, Susan L. Thibeault, Masaru Yamashita

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

The vocal fold (VF) mucosa confers elegant biomechanical function for voice production but is susceptible to scar formation following injury. Current understanding of VF wound healing is hindered by a paucity of data and is therefore often generalized from research conducted in skin and other mucosal systems. Here, using a previously validated rat injury model, expression microarray technology and an empirical Bayes analysis approach, we generated a VF-specific transcriptome dataset to better capture the system-level complexity of wound healing in this specialized tissue. We measured differential gene expression at 3, 14 and 60 days post-injury compared to experimentally naïve controls, pursued functional enrichment analyses to refine and add greater biological definition to the previously proposed temporal phases of VF wound healing, and validated the expression and localization of a subset of previously unidentified repair- and regeneration-related genes at the protein level. Our microarray dataset is a resource for the wider research community and has the potential to stimulate new hypotheses and avenues of investigation, improve biological and mechanistic insight, and accelerate the identification of novel therapeutic targets.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)311-321
Number of pages11
JournalDMM Disease Models and Mechanisms
Volume8
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2015

Keywords

  • Fibrosis
  • Larynx
  • Scar formation
  • Tissue repair
  • Transcriptome

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