Method variance in organizational behavior and human resources research: Effects on correlations, path coefficients, and hypothesis testing

Larry J. Williams, Barbara K. Brown

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

134 Scopus citations

Abstract

This research simulates the effects of method variance on correlations, standardized regression (path) coefficients, and squared multiple correlation coefficients. The results show that method variance can have extreme effects on these measures of association, depending on assumptions made about the nature of the method factors. The analysis also indicated that method variance can have strong effects on the probability of obtaining significant findings in the absence of true relationships. The link between findings of the present study and current developments on method variance in organizational behavior and human resources management research is discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)185-209
Number of pages25
JournalOrganizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes
Volume57
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1994

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