Chemodivergent asymmetric synthesis was achieved by tuning the metal-to-ligand ratio in an organometallic catalytic system. Using N-(aroyloxy)phthalimide as the precursor of either an oxygen-centered aroyloxy radical or a nitrogen-centered phthalimidyl radical, enantioselective oxocyanation or aminocyanation of alkenes was achieved separately through a dual photoredox and copper catalysis. The metal-to-ligand ratio can exert chemoselective control while retaining the high enantiopurity of divergent products. Both reactions proceed efficiently with catalyst loading as low as 0.2 mol % and can be performed on a gram scale without loss of chemoselectivity or enantioselectivity. Chemodivergent asymmetric 1,5-aminocyanation or 1,5-oxocyanation of vinylcyclopropane can also be realized by this protocol. Mechanistic investigations involving electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) experiments were performed to shed light on the stereochemical and chemodivergent results.
- asymmetric catalysis