Mesoporous Graphitized Carbon Column for Efficient Isomeric Separation of Permethylated Glycans

Sakshi Gautam, Alireza Banazadeh, Byeong Gwan Cho, Mona Goli, Jieqiang Zhong, Yehia Mechref

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Post-translational modifications are vital aspects of functional proteins. Therefore, it is critical to understand their roles in biological processes. Glycosylation is particularly challenging to study among these modifications due to the heterogeneity displayed by the glycans in terms of their isomers. Thus, researchers continue to strive for the development of efficient liquid chromatography techniques for isomeric separation of glycans. Porous graphitized carbon (PGC) nano column has been one of the most widely used columns for this purpose, but poor stability and lack of reproducibility led to its discontinuation. In our endeavor to find an alternative stationary phase for isomeric glycan separation, we tested the mesoporous graphitized carbon (MGC) material. Unprecedentedly, satisfactory results were obtained with a column only 1 cm long, which was tested on permethylated N-glycans derived from model glycoproteins as well as biological samples. The column was found to be reproducible across months as well as across different column preparations. Additionally, to decrease the dead volume and attain a better resolution, MGC was utilized to pack a 1 cm length of a pulled capillary nanospray emitter and again demonstrated efficient isomeric separation. Thus, MGC proved to be a suitable stationary phase to obtain efficient isomeric separation of permethylated N-glycans with 1 cm-long packing length, in both capillary columns and packed nanospray emitters.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAnalytical Chemistry
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

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