Mercer 5: A probable new globular cluster in the Galactic bulge

A. J. Longmore, R. Kurtev, P. W. Lucas, D. Froebrich, R. de Grijs, V. D. Ivanov, T. J. Maccarone, J. Borissova, L. M. Ker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

We present a detailed study of a dust-obscured Galactic star cluster Mercer 5 ([MCM2005b] 5) in an extremely crowded field in the Milky Way. Near-infrared (near-IR) photometry from United Kingdom Infrared Digital Sky Surveys (UKIDSS) and the Son of ISAAC on the New Technology Telescope (SofI/NTT), combined with near-IR spectroscopy also from SofI, indicates that it is almost certainly a Galactic globular cluster, located at the edge of the Galactic bulge. The cluster suffers ~9 mag of visual extinction, with strong evidence for an extinction gradient across the cluster. A simulation of the differential reddening in the cluster using empirical data from NGC 6539 (chosen because it had high signal-to-noise ratio data and low field star contamination) as a template mimics the observations extremely well. This simulation and other arguments are used to indicate that the most prominent clump of stars in the colour-magnitude diagrams is a horizontal branch clump. On this basis we conclude that the cluster is at a distance of ~5.5kpc and suffers from visual extinction ranging from ~8.5 to ~12.5 mag. Alternative explanations for its nature, such as a young cluster or an old open cluster, are much less likely, on the grounds of no visible main sequence or stars with IR excesses for the former and location versus lifetime arguments for the latter.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)465-478
Number of pages14
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume416
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2011

Keywords

  • Galaxy: abundances
  • Globular clusters: general
  • Globular clusters: individual: Mercer 5: [MCM2005b] 5
  • Stars: abundances
  • Stars: distances

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    Longmore, A. J., Kurtev, R., Lucas, P. W., Froebrich, D., de Grijs, R., Ivanov, V. D., Maccarone, T. J., Borissova, J., & Ker, L. M. (2011). Mercer 5: A probable new globular cluster in the Galactic bulge. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 416(1), 465-478. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2966.2011.19056.x