Men's lacrosse protective equipment increases strain during exercise in the heat

Brendon P. McDermott, Whitley C. Atkins, Ikuo Kato, Lesley W. Vandermark, Mahendran Balasubramanian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Objectives: The purpose of this study was to determine thermoregulatory and cardiovascular effects of wearing men's lacrosse protective equipment during simulated lacrosse activities in the heat. Design: We conducted a randomized, controlled, crossover study. Methods: Thirteen healthy men (22 ± 3 y, 76.2 ± 8.9 kg, 181 ± 6 cm, 16.06 ± 6.16% body fat) completed two matched exercise trials in the heat (WBGT: 25.5 ± 0.8 °C). In randomized order, participants donned full men's lacrosse equipment (helmet, shoulder/elbow pads, and gloves) in one trial while the other included no equipment. Participants completed a topography body scan to determine specific body surface area covered with equipment. Rectal temperature (Tre), heart rate (HR), and mean weighted skin temperature (Tsk) were measured throughout trials. Whole body sweat rate was assessed for trial comparisons. Results: The equipment covered 32.62 ± 2.53% body surface area in our participants. Post-exercise Tre was significantly greater with equipment (39.36 ± 0.04 °C) compared to control (38.98 ± 0.49 °C; p = .007). The overall rate of rise of Tre was significantly greater with equipment (0.043 ± 0.015 °C·min−1) compared to control (0.031 ± 0.008 °C[rad]min−1; p = .041). Regardless of time point, HR and Tsk were significantly elevated with equipment compared to control trial (p ≤ .026). Sweat rates were elevated with equipment (1.76 ± 0.74 L·h−1) compared to shorts and t-shirt (1.13 ± 0.26 L·h−1), but this difference was not significant (p = .058). Conclusions: Our data indicate impairments in heat dissipation and increased cardiovascular strain imposed by men's lacrosse equipment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)837-842
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Science and Medicine in Sport
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 2021


  • Clothing
  • Exercise
  • Heat stress
  • Sweat rate
  • Thermoregulation


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