Melting behavior of n-alkanes in anodic aluminum oxide (AAO) nanopores using Flash differential scanning calorimetry

Madhusudhan R. Pallaka, Daniel K. Unruh, Sindee L. Simon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Flash differential scanning calorimetry is used to study nanoconfinement effects on the melting and solid–solid transitions of n-hexadecane (C16H34) and n-nonadecane (C19H40) in an anodic aluminum oxide (AAO) nanoporous membrane with pore diameters of 20 and 55 nm. The size-dependent melting behavior of n-hexadecane (C16) was investigated as a function of pore fullness from underfilled to overfilled. A comparison between the bulk, underfilled, and overfilled pores indicates a melting point depression (ΔTm) of 4.20 ± 0.60 °C in 55 nm AAO pores and 6.01 ± 0.24 °C in 20 nm AAO pores, independent of pore fullness. Nanoconfined n-nonadecane (C19), shows a melting point depression of 2.46 ± 0.40 °C and 4.2 ± 0.51 °C in 55 and 20 nm AAO pores, and its solid–solid transition is depressed by 1.94 ± 0.15 °C and 3.01 ± 0.29 °C in 55 and 20 nm AAO pores, respectively. The size-dependent melting behavior (ΔTm vs 1/d) for both C16 and C19 was found not to extrapolate to the bulk melting point at infinite pore size, indicating that a different crystal structure, perhaps a nematocrystalline state may be formed in AAO nanopores, as backed up by X-ray diffraction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)157-164
Number of pages8
JournalThermochimica Acta
Volume663
DOIs
StatePublished - May 10 2018

Keywords

  • AAO nanopores
  • Flash DSC
  • Nematocrystalline
  • n-hexadecane
  • n-nonadecane

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