Mediating roles of college teaching self-efficacy in job stress and job satisfaction among Chinese university teachers

Yanling Liu, Soohyun Yi, Kamau O. Siwatu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Colleges and universities have been experiencing high rates of faculty turnover across countries, and hiring and retaining influential faculty members is a constant challenge that higher education institutions have encountered. Job stress and job satisfaction are stable predictors that psychologically determine teachers’ persistence in their institutions. The present study aimed to extend understanding of a mediating effect of college teaching self-efficacy (CTSE) on the relationship between faculty job stress and job satisfaction. Data collected from 455 Chinese university teachers were analyzed using structural equation moderated mediation models. CTSE was an effective mediator in alleviating the negative relationship between job stress and job satisfaction. Our finding from a moderated mediation model suggests that the mediation effect of CTSE did not differ by teaching experience, ranks, gender, and workload. However, the significant covariate effect of teaching experience incorporated in the mediation effect implies that teachers with more teaching experiences may have greater teaching self-efficacy, which may positively change the perceptions of job stress and job satisfaction. By way of discussion, we provided evidence regarding current trends and underlying psychological reasons for university teachers’ dissatisfaction which might be useful for educators, university administrators, and policymakers framing policy and institutional decisions. Some impractical implications are further discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1073454
JournalFrontiers in Education
StatePublished - Jan 4 2023


  • job satisfaction
  • job stress
  • social cognitive theory
  • structural equation modeling
  • teaching self-efficacy


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