With behavioral and pharmacological interventions continuously failing to tackle the obesity epidemic, bariatric surgery has been hailed as the most effective treatment strategy. Current literature suggests that bariatric surgery successfully decreases body weight and excess fat mass through targeting both variables of the energy homeostasis – energy intake and energy expenditure. Here we review current knowledge on changes in caloric consumption, an important arm in the energy balance equation, in rodent models of bariatric surgery. In particular, circadian feeding dynamics, post-surgical caloric intake at both “rapid weight loss” phase and “weight maintenance” phase, as well as meal pattern analysis will be the subject of this review. Considering that different types of bariatric surgery may trigger differential energy intake dynamics resulting in variable weight loss outcomes, the effects of most popular surgeries – vertical sleeve gastrectomy (VSG), Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB), and gastric banding (GB) – are elaborated. Potential candidate mechanisms underlying alterations in food intake and meal patterns following different bariatric procedures are briefly discussed at the end.