Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry for the characterization of ionic liquids and the analysis of amino acids, peptides and proteins in ionic liquids

Masoud Zabet-Moghaddam, Ralf Krüger, Elmar Heinzle, Andreas Tholey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

57 Scopus citations

Abstract

Ionic liquids are interesting solvents for a number of applications in chemistry and biotechnology. We characterized five different ionic liquids by laser desorption/ionization (LDI) and by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization (MALDI) mass spectrometry (MS) and studied the analysis of amino acids, peptides and proteins dissolved in these solvents. Signals of both anions and cations of the ionic liquids could be observed both in LDI- and in MALDI-MS. In the latter case, adduct formation between anions and cations of the analytes was observed. Amino acids, peptides and proteins could be analyzed in ionic liquids after addition of matrix substances. Sodium and potassium adducts were not observed in any analysis involving ionic liquids. Low molecular mass compounds and peptides could be analyzed best in the presence of water-immiscible ionic liquids, whereas proteins gave the best results in water-miscible ionic liquids. Optimal analysis conditions such as molar matrix-to-analyte and ionic liquid-to-matrix ratios were determined. Homogeneity of samples in the presence of ionic liquids was reduced compared with classical MALDI preparations. Relative quantitation of amino acids was possible using isotope-labeled internal standards. MALDI-MS thus can be used for the analysis of chemical reactions and the screening of enzyme-catalyzed reactions in ionic liquids and for the analysis of the biocatalysts dissolved in these solvents. Theoretical aspects of ion formation in the presence of ionic liquids both in LDI and MALDI analysis are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1494-1505
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Mass Spectrometry
Volume39
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2004

Keywords

  • Biocatalysis
  • Deuterium exchange
  • Gas-phase chemistry
  • Ion formation
  • Quantification

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