Mathematically gifted male adolescents activate a unique brain network during mental rotation

Michael W. O'Boyle, Ross Cunnington, Timothy J. Silk, David Vaughan, Graeme Jackson, Ari Syngeniotis, Gary F. Egan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

93 Scopus citations

Abstract

Mental rotation involves the creation and manipulation of internal images, with the later being particularly useful cognitive capacities when applied to high-level mathematical thinking and reasoning. Many neuroimaging studies have demonstrated mental rotation to be mediated primarily by the parietal lobes, particularly on the right side. Here, we use fMRI to show for the first time that when performing 3-dimensional mental rotations, mathematically gifted male adolescents engage a qualitatively different brain network than those of average math ability, one that involves bilateral activation of the parietal lobes and frontal cortex, along with heightened activation of the anterior cingulate. Reliance on the processing characteristics of this uniquely bilateral system and the interplay of these anterior/posterior regions may be contributors to their mathematical precocity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)583-587
Number of pages5
JournalCognitive Brain Research
Volume25
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2005

Keywords

  • Mathematical giftedness
  • Mental rotation
  • Visuospatial processing
  • fMRI

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