Many-particle hydrodynamic interactions in parallel-wall geometry: Cartesian-representation method

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Abstract

This paper describes the results of our theoretical and numerical studies of hydrodynamic interactions in a suspension of spherical particles confined between two parallel planar walls, under creeping-flow conditions. We propose a novel algorithm for accurate evaluation of the many-particle friction matrix in this system - no such algorithm has been available so far. Our approach involves expanding the fluid velocity field into spherical and Cartesian fundamental sets of Stokes flows. The interaction of the fluid with the particles is described using the spherical basis fields; the flow scattered by the walls is expressed in terms of the Cartesian fundamental solutions. At the core of our method are transformation relations between the spherical and Cartesian basis sets. These transformations allow us to describe the flow field in a system that involves both the walls and particles. We used our accurate numerical results to test the single-wall superposition approximation for the hydrodynamic friction matrix. The approximation yields fair results for quantities dominated by single particle contributions, but it fails to describe collective phenomena, such as a large transverse resistance coefficient for linear arrays of spheres.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)294-340
Number of pages47
JournalPhysica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications
Volume356
Issue number2-4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 15 2005

Keywords

  • Confinement
  • Hydrodynamic interactions
  • Parallel walls
  • Stokesian dynamics
  • Suspensions

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