Uterine torsion in mares may occur from 5 months to term, but is most commonly diagnosed at 7-9 months of pregnancy. Diagnosis of a uterine torsion is primarily based on palpation of the broad ligaments per rectum for location and tension. The broad ligaments in a normal pregnancy suspend the uterus relatively symmetrically within the abdomen. Methods of correction include standing flank laparotomy, ventral midline laparotomy, manual rotation through the cervix, and rolling the mare. This chapter provides step by step procedure and necessary condition for these methods with illustrations.
- Manual correction
- Uterine torsion