For base-paired nucleic acids, variations in 1JNH and the imino 1H chemical shift are both dominated by hydrogen bond length. In the absence of molecular alignment, the 1JNH coupling for the imino proton then can be approximated by 1JNH = (1.21Hz/ppm) δH - 103.5 ± 0.6 Hz, where δH represents the chemical shift of the imino proton in ppm. This relation permits imino residual dipolar couplings (RDCs)resulting from magnetic susceptibility anisotropy (MSA) to be extracted from measurement of (1JNH + RDC) splittings at a single magnetic field strength. Magnetic field-induced RDCs were measured for tRNAVal and the alignment tensor determined from magnetic-field alignment of tRNAVal agrees well with the tensor calculated by summation of the MSA tensors of the individual nucleobases.
- Chemical shift
- Dipolar coupling
- Magnetic susceptibility anisotropy