Longitudinal associations between features of toxic masculinity and bystander willingness to intervene in bullying among middle school boys

Katherine M Ingram, Jordan P Davis, Dorothy L Espelage, Tyler Hatchel, Gabriel Merrin, Alberto Valido, Cagil Torgal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Bystander intervention (i.e., a third party decides to defend a victim when witnessing a conflict) has been identified as an effective strategy to resolve bullying incidents (O’Connell, Pepler, & Craig, 1999). Researchers suggest that student willingness to intervene (WTI) is a robust predictor of bystander intervention (Nickerson, Aloe, Livingston, & Feeley, 2014). Toxic masculinity has been defined as “the constellation of socially regressive [masculine] traits that serve to foster domination, the devaluation of women, homophobia, and wanton violence” (Kupers, 2005, p. 71). Though some aspects of toxic masculinity (e.g., low empathy) have received some empirical attention regarding their role in determining prosocial behavior, many aspects of toxic masculinity have not. Little research has examined how constructs such as attitudes surrounding bullying and sexual harassment, social dominance orientation, and homophobic bullying are related to longitudinal changes in WTI across adoles
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)139-151
JournalJournal of School Psychology
StatePublished - Dec 16 2019

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