The question of a long term regulatory role of insulin on adipocyte glucose transporter content was addressed using the differentiating or fully mature 3T3-F442A adipocytes. Glucose transport was measured in intact cells. Glucose transporter content in plasma membranes and low density microsomes (LDM) was assessed by cytochalasin B binding and Western analysis. In insulin- versus spontaneously differentiated adipocytes, glucose transport and glucose transporters content of plasma membranes and LDM were increased 5-, 4-, and 2-fold, respectively. Insulin deprivation for 24 h induced a redistribution of glucose transporters in those cells which then displayed 2-fold higher glucose transport and glucose transporters content in plasma membranes than spontaneously differentiated cells and 3-fold more glucose transporters in LDM. When fully insulin-differentiated adipocytes were insulin-deprived for 4 days, there was a marked decrease in glucose transporters in both membrane fractions that was fully reversible by reexposing the cells to insulin for 4 days. Glucose uptake changes were closely proportionate to changes in glucose transporter content of plasma membranes as assessed by an antiserum to the C-terminal peptide of the erythrocyte/HepG2/brain-type glucose transporter. When Western blots were immunoblotted with 1F8 monoclonal antibody, specific for glucose transporter in insulin responsive tissues, an abundant immunoreactive protein was detected in both plasma membranes and LDM but the amount of this glucose transporter did not change with insulin exposure in any membrane fractions. In conclusion, insulin plays a long term regulatory role on cultured adipocyte glucose transporter content through a selective effect on the erythrocyte/HepG2/brain-type glucose transporter.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - Jun 1 1990|