Listeria floridensis sp. nov., Listeria aquatica sp. nov., Listeria cornellensis sp. nov., Listeria riparia sp. nov. and Listeria grandensis sp. nov., from agricultural and natural environments

Henk C. den Bakker, Steven Warchocki, Emily M. Wright, Adam F. Allred, Christina Ahlstrom, Clyde S. Manuel, Matthew J. Stasiewicz, Angela Burrell, Sherry Roof, Laura K. Strawn, Esther Fortes, Kendra K. Nightingale, Daniel Kephart, Martin Wiedmann

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60 Scopus citations

Abstract

Sampling of agricultural and natural environments in two US states (Colorado and Florida) yielded 18 Listeria-like isolates that could not be assigned to previously described species using traditional methods. Using whole-genome sequencing and traditional phenotypic methods, we identified five novel species, each with a genome-wide average BLAST nucleotide identity (ANIb) of less than 85 % to currently described species. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences and amino acid sequences of 31 conserved loci showed the existence of four well-supported clades within the genus Listeria; (i) a clade representing Listeria monocytogenes, L. marthii, L. innocua, L. welshimeri, L. seeligeri and L. ivanovii, which we refer to as Listeria sensu stricto, (ii) a clade consisting of Listeria fleischmannii and two newly described species, Listeria aquatica sp. nov. (type strain FSL S10-1188T = DSM 26686T = LMG 28120T = BEI NR-42633T) and Listeria floridensis sp. nov. (type strain FSL S10-1187T = DSM 26687T = LMG 28121T = BEI NR-42632T), (iii) a clade consisting of Listeria rocourtiae, L. weihenstephanensis and three novel species, Listeria cornellensis sp. nov. (type strain TTU A1-0210T = FSL F6-0969T = DSM 26689T = LMG 28123T = BEI NR-42630T), Listeria grandensis sp. nov. (type strain TTU A1-0212T = FSL F6-0971T = DSM 26688T = LMG 28122T = BEI NR-42631T) and Listeria riparia sp. nov. (type strain FSL S10-1204T = DSM 26685T = LMG 28119T = BEI NR- 42634T) and (iv) a clade containing Listeria grayi. Genomic and phenotypic data suggest that the novel species are non-pathogenic.

Original languageEnglish
Article number052720
Pages (from-to)1882-1889
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Volume64
Issue numberPART 6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2014

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    den Bakker, H. C., Warchocki, S., Wright, E. M., Allred, A. F., Ahlstrom, C., Manuel, C. S., Stasiewicz, M. J., Burrell, A., Roof, S., Strawn, L. K., Fortes, E., Nightingale, K. K., Kephart, D., & Wiedmann, M. (2014). Listeria floridensis sp. nov., Listeria aquatica sp. nov., Listeria cornellensis sp. nov., Listeria riparia sp. nov. and Listeria grandensis sp. nov., from agricultural and natural environments. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology, 64(PART 6), 1882-1889. [052720]. https://doi.org/10.1099/ijs.0.052720-0