Sampling of agricultural and natural environments in two US states (Colorado and Florida) yielded 18 Listeria-like isolates that could not be assigned to previously described species using traditional methods. Using whole-genome sequencing and traditional phenotypic methods, we identified five novel species, each with a genome-wide average BLAST nucleotide identity (ANIb) of less than 85 % to currently described species. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences and amino acid sequences of 31 conserved loci showed the existence of four well-supported clades within the genus Listeria; (i) a clade representing Listeria monocytogenes, L. marthii, L. innocua, L. welshimeri, L. seeligeri and L. ivanovii, which we refer to as Listeria sensu stricto, (ii) a clade consisting of Listeria fleischmannii and two newly described species, Listeria aquatica sp. nov. (type strain FSL S10-1188T = DSM 26686T = LMG 28120T = BEI NR-42633T) and Listeria floridensis sp. nov. (type strain FSL S10-1187T = DSM 26687T = LMG 28121T = BEI NR-42632T), (iii) a clade consisting of Listeria rocourtiae, L. weihenstephanensis and three novel species, Listeria cornellensis sp. nov. (type strain TTU A1-0210T = FSL F6-0969T = DSM 26689T = LMG 28123T = BEI NR-42630T), Listeria grandensis sp. nov. (type strain TTU A1-0212T = FSL F6-0971T = DSM 26688T = LMG 28122T = BEI NR-42631T) and Listeria riparia sp. nov. (type strain FSL S10-1204T = DSM 26685T = LMG 28119T = BEI NR- 42634T) and (iv) a clade containing Listeria grayi. Genomic and phenotypic data suggest that the novel species are non-pathogenic.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology|
|Issue number||PART 6|
|State||Published - Jun 2014|