Liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry analysis of 17α-trenbolone, 17β-trenbolone and trendione in airborne particulate matter

B. R. Blackwell, Q. Cai, P. N. Smith, G. P. Cobb

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Trenbolone acetate (TbA) is a potent synthetic anabolic steroid that was approved by the FDA as a growth promoter in beef cattle in 1987. Given the endocrine-modulating activity of TbA and its metabolites in all vertebrates, a sensitive and reliable analytical method is needed to detect TbA and related residues in environmental matrices. We have developed a method that incorporates solid phase extraction and liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) for the simultaneous determination of the three major TbA metabolites (trendione, 17β-trenbolone, 17α-trenbolone) in total suspended particulate matter (TSP) samples. Sample preparation involved pressurized liquid extraction followed by cleanup on solid-phase extraction cartridges. The procedure was optimized to obtain maximum recovery and minimum signal suppression/enhancement from matrix effects. Analytes were separated with a Phenomenex Gemini-NX C18 analytical column (150 mm × 2.0 mm, 3 μm particle size) using an aqueous methanol gradient at a flow rate of 0.2 mL/min. Column effluent underwent positive electrospray ionization (ESI). Two or more diagnostic product ions were acquired from analyte specific precursor ions for unambiguous confirmation and quantification. The method detection limit was 3.27-4.87 ng/g of particulate matter (PM). Method accuracy, determined with analyte recoveries, ranged between 68% and 117%, and method precision, expressed as relative standard deviation, was below 15% at spiked levels of 6.67, 33.3, and 167 ng/g PM. Analysis of TSP samples demonstrated the presence of the target species associated with PM in the vicinity of beef cattle feeding operations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1317-1323
Number of pages7
JournalTalanta
Volume85
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 15 2011

Keywords

  • Anabolic steroids
  • Analysis
  • Electrospray Ionization
  • LC-MS/MS
  • Particulate matter
  • Trenbolone

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