Lipid profile, hyperglycaemia, systemic inflammation and anthropometry as cardiovascular risk factors and its association with dietary intakes in children from rural Cofimvaba, Eastern Cape, South Africa

Wilna Oldewage-Theron, Abdulkadir A Egal, Christa Grobler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: The aim of this study was to estimate the mean prevalence of dyslipidemia, hyperglycemia, systemic inflammation and anthropometry as CVD risk factors as well as dietary intakes and to investigate associations between these CVD risk factors and dietary intakes among apparently healthy school-aged girls and boys, attending five purposively selected schools in rural Cofimvaba, situated in the Eastern Cape Province of SA. Methods: A random sample of 233 children, aged 6-18 years, was used for dietary intake, anthropometric and fasting biochemical measurements. Data were analysed on SPSS, version 22.0, for descriptive analyses as well as Levene’s test for equality of variances, one-way analysis of variance and Pearson correlations. Results: Only 1.3% of the children presented with hypercholesterolaemia (TC≥5.18 mmol/l) and 2.1% and 7.3% had elevated low density lipoprotein-cholesterol and triglyceride levels respectively whereas 42.5% had low high-density lipoprotein-chole
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-15
JournalSouth African Journal of Family Ecology and Consumer Sciences
StatePublished - Mar 1 2017

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