Life cycle assessment-based comparative evaluation of originally manufactured and remanufactured diesel engines

Zhichao Liu, Tao Li, Qiuhong Jiang, Hongchao Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Scopus citations

Abstract

Summary: Life cycle assessment (LCA) enables us to estimate potential resource and energy consumption as well as environmental emissions resulting from various activities within our economy. The present LCA intends to analyze the energy consumption and environmental emissions of the entire life cycle of an originally manufactured diesel engine compared with its remanufactured counterpart. Further, the article attempts to identify the processes in diesel engine manufacturing and remanufacturing life cycles that contribute most to energy consumption and environmental impacts. Six environmental impacts were assessed in this study: global warming potential (GWP); acidification potential (AP); eutrophication potential (EP); ozone depletion potential (ODP); photochemical ozone creation potential (POCP); and abiotic depletion potential (ADP). The results show that diesel engine remanufacturing could reduce 66% of energy consumption, compared to original manufacturing. The greatest benefit related to environmental impact is with regard to ODP, which is reduced by 97%, followed by EP, GWP, POCP, AP, and ADP, which can be reduced by 79%, 67%, 32%, 32%, and 25%, respectively. In the life cycle of diesel engine manufacturing, production of materials brings about larger environmental impacts, especially with regard to EP and ODP, whereas transportation of materials contributes most to POCP. The situation is similar for diesel engine remanufacturing. Production of materials brings about larger environmental impacts with regard to AP, EP, and ODP, whereas components remanufacturing and production of materials exhibit the same amount of GWP impact. Further, in remanufacturing, the reverse logistics of old diesel engines brings about lesser environmental impacts than the other life cycle stages, except with regard to POCP.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)567-576
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Industrial Ecology
Volume18
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2014

Keywords

  • Diesel engine
  • Energy consumption
  • Environmental impacts
  • Industrial ecology
  • Life cycle assessment (LCA)
  • Remanufacturing

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