Lichnerowicz and Obata theorems for foliations

Jeffrey Lee, Ken Richardson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


The standard Lichnerowicz comparison theorem states that if the Ricci curvature of a closed, Riemannian n-manifold M satisfies Ric (X, X) ≥ a (n - 1) |X|2 for every X ∈ TM for some fixed a > 0, then the smallest positive eigenvalue λ of the Laplacian satisfies λ ≥ an. The Obata theorem states that equality occurs if and only if M is isometric to the standard n-sphere of constant sectional curvature a. In this paper, we prove that if M is a closed Riemannian manifold with a Riemannian foliation of codimension q, and if the normal Ricci curvature satisfies Ric (X, X) ≥ a (q - 1) |X|2 for every X in the normal bundle for some fixed a > O, then the smallest eigenvalue λB of the basic Laplacian satisfies λB ≥ aq. In addition, if equality occurs, then the leaf space is isometric to the space of orbits of a discrete subgroup of O (q) acting on the standard q-sphere of constant sectional curvature a. We also prove a result about bundle-like metrics on foliations: On any Riemannian foliation with bundle-like metric, there exists a bundle-like metric for which the mean curvature is basic and the basic Laplacian for the new metric is the same as that of the original metric.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)339-357
Number of pages19
JournalPacific Journal of Mathematics
Issue number2
StatePublished - Oct 2002


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