Least absolute deviation estimation for all-pass time series models

F. Jay Breidt, Richard A. Davis, A. Alexandre Trindade

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

59 Scopus citations


An autoregressive moving average model in which all of the roots of the autoregressive polynomial are reciprocals of roots of the moving average polynomial and wee versa is called an all-pass time series model. All-pass models generate uncorrelated (white noise) time series, but these series are not independent in the non-Gaussian case An approximation to the likelihood of the model in the case of Laplacian (two-sided exponential) noise yields a modified absolute deviations criterion, which can be used even if the underlying noise is not Laplacian. Asymptotic normality for least absolute deviation estimators of the model parameters is established under general conditions. Behavior of the estimators in finite samples is studied via simulation. The methodology is applied to exchange rate returns to show that linear all-pass models can mimic "nonlinear" behavior, and is applied to stock market volume data to illustrate a two-step procedure for fitting noncausal autoregressions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)919-946
Number of pages28
JournalAnnals of Statistics
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 2001


  • Laplacian density
  • Noncausal
  • Noninvertible
  • Nonminimum phase
  • White noise


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