Lean principles for the lean project-based enterprise

Geert Letens, Jennifer Farris, Eileen Van Aken

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Lean principles have been applied extensively to manufacturing and administrative processes. Yet, despite increasing pressure to decrease time to market and maximize stakeholder value in product development, relatively few organizations appear to have applied lean principles to this domain. While there is a clear need to eliminate waste in product development, creating a lean project-based environment requires adaptation of "traditional" lean principles. This paper describes a case application in the Belgian Armed Forces, which illustrates how lean principles were implemented at a functional, project, pipeline and portfolio level, incorporating risk management, theory of constraints, creation of flow, and pull thinking.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages6
StatePublished - 2008
EventIIE Annual Conference and Expo 2008 - Vancouver, BC, Canada
Duration: May 17 2008May 21 2008


ConferenceIIE Annual Conference and Expo 2008
CityVancouver, BC


  • Lean thinking
  • Product development
  • Project management
  • Theory of onstraints


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