LC-MS/MS Quantitation of HILIC-Enriched N-glycopeptides Derived from Low-Abundance Serum Glycoproteins in Patients with Narcolepsy Type 1

Mojgan Atashi, Cristian D.Gutierrez Reyes, Vishal Sandilya, Waziha Purba, Parisa Ahmadi, Md Abdul Hakim, Firas Kobeissy, Giuseppe Plazzi, Monica Moresco, Bartolo Lanuzza, Raffaele Ferri, Yehia Mechref

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Glycoproteomic analysis is always challenging because of low abundance and complex site-specific heterogeneity. Glycoproteins are involved in various biological processes such as cell signaling, adhesion, and cell–cell communication and may serve as potential biomarkers when analyzing different diseases. Here, we investigate glycoproteins in narcolepsy type 1 (NT1) disease, a form of narcolepsy characterized by cataplexy—the sudden onset of muscle paralysis that is typically triggered by intense emotions. In this study, 27 human blood serum samples were analyzed, 16 from NT1 patients and 11 from healthy individuals serving as controls. We quantified hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography (HILIC)-enriched glycopeptides from low-abundance serum samples of controls and NT1 patients via LC-MS/MS. Twenty-eight unique N-glycopeptides showed significant changes between the two studied groups. The sialylated N-glycopeptide structures LPTQNITFQTESSVAEQEAEFQSPK HexNAc6, Hex3, Neu5Ac2 (derived from the ITIH4 protein) and the structure IVLDPSGSMNIYLVLDGSDSIGASNFTGAK HexNAc5, Hex4, Fuc1 (derived from the CFB protein), with p values of 0.008 and 0.01, respectively, were elevated in NT1 samples compared with controls. In addition, the N-glycopeptide protein sources Ceruloplasmin, Complement factor B, and ITH4 were observed to play an important role in the complement activation and acute-phase response signaling pathways. This may explain the possible association between the biomarkers and pathophysiological effects.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1589
JournalBiomolecules
Volume13
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2023

Keywords

  • HILIC-enriched N-glycopeptides
  • NT1
  • biomarker glycoproteins

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