LA-(MC)-ICP-MS trends in 2006 and 2007 with particular emphasis on measurement uncertainties

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Abstract

Research in 2006 and 2007 dealing with laser ablation-(multicollector)-inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry, LA-(MC)-ICP-MS, involved studies concerned with optimising the technique itself, as well as applying the method to a variety of problems in the Earth sciences. The causes of elemental and isotopic fractionation produced during laser ablation continues to be of considerable interest, with evidence mounting that processes occurring both at the ablation site and in the argon plasma of the ICP are culpable. There is growing excitement in the use of femtosecond lasers for LA-(MC)-ICP-MS, with the hope that they reduce or eliminate melting and non-congruent volatilisation at the ablation site and thus approach stoichiometric sampling. Ablation chamber design emerged as a serious concern, particularly with respect to achieving the rapid washout needed for fine-scale compositional mapping of geological objects. LA-MC-ICP-MS provided data for a wide range of isotopic systems, especially hafnium, but also B, S, Mg, Cu, Fe, Sr, Nd, Pb and U. Measurement uncertainties in LA-ICP-MS were discussed by several researchers, and are critically reviewed here - total uncertainties for trace element concentration measurements of silicates including errors on the calibration values of common reference materials are ∼ 10% (95% confidence limits), though the precision of individual spot measurements (50 to 100 μm) is much better, ∼ 1% RSD, using a 193 nm laser and a sector field-ICP-MS. LA-ICP-MS U-Pb ages for zircon and other U-rich accessory phases are claimed by most geoanalysts to have 2s uncertainties of ∼ 0.7 and 1.3% respectively but the actual accuracy of the method is probably only as good as ∼ 2% (2s), when uncertainties associated with laser-induced Pb/U fractionation are included.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)469-488
Number of pages20
JournalGeostandards and Geoanalytical Research
Volume32
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2008

Keywords

  • Inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometer
  • Isotope ratios
  • Laser ablation
  • Measurement uncertainties
  • Multicollector ICP-MS
  • Review
  • Trace elements
  • U-Pb geochronology

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