L-Citrulline supplementation attenuates aortic pulse pressure and wave reflection responses to cold stress in older adults

Salvador J. Jaime, Jessica Nagel, Arun Maharaj, Stephen M. Fischer, Elizabeth Schwab, Christopher Martinson, Kim Radtke, Richard P. Mikat, Arturo Figueroa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background and aims: Augmented aortic systolic blood pressure (SBP) and wave reflection via sympathetic-mediated vasoconstriction elevates the risk for adverse cardiovascular events in older adults. L-citrulline (L-CIT) supplementation has shown to reduce aortic SBP and pulse pressure (PP) responses to cold pressor test (CPT) induced sympathoactivation in young men. The aim of this study was to elucidate the efficacy of L-CIT supplementation to attenuate aortic hemodynamic responses to CPT in older adults. Methods and results: Sixteen older adults were randomly assigned to placebo or L-CIT (6 g/day) for 14-days in a crossover, double-blind, placebo-controlled design. Brachial SBP and aortic SBP, PP, augmented pressure (AP), augmentation index standardized at 75 bpm (AIx@75), and pressure of the forward (Pf) and reflected (Pb) waves were evaluated at rest and during CPT pre- and post-intervention. Although no hemodynamic changes at rest, brachial SBP (Δ-12 ± 18 vs. Δ4 ± 14 mmHg; P = 0.008) and aortic SBP (Δ-10 ± 14 vs. Δ4 ± 12 mmHg; P = 0.005), PP (Δ-10 ± 12 vs. Δ4 ± 11 mmHg; P = 0.002), AP (Δ-4 ± 4 vs. Δ2 ± 7 mmHg; P = 0.004), AIx@75 (Δ-3.2 ± 7.2 vs. Δ2.2 ± 6.9%; P = 0.038), Pf (Δ-6 ± 10 vs. Δ3 ± 9 mmHg; P = 0.019), and Pb (Δ-4 ± 6 vs. Δ2 ± 6 mmHg; P = 0.008) responses to the CPT were significantly attenuated following L-CIT supplementation vs. placebo. Conclusions: L-CIT supplementation attenuated aortic pulsatile pressure and pressure wave reflection responses to CPT in older adults, providing possible cardioprotection during cold-induced sympathoactivation in older adults.

Original languageEnglish
Article number111685
JournalExperimental Gerontology
Volume159
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2022

Keywords

  • Aortic hemodynamics
  • L-Citrulline
  • Older adults
  • Sympathoactivation

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