Knowledge mediates attitude in autism spectrum disorders? Data from Malaysia

Shin Ying Chu, Jaehoon Lee, Yee Yan Wong, Chun Hong Gan, Veronica Fierro, Deborah Hersh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Limited efforts have been made in middle- and low-income countries to raise public awareness of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) over the past ten years. We report data from a general population survey exploring the relationship between awareness, knowledge, and attitudes regarding autism in Malaysia. A questionnaire consisting of items related to awareness, knowledge, and attitudes regarding ASD was distributed. The scores of knowledge of ASD and attitude towards ASD were 6.87 (SD = 4.17; with a total possible score of 12) and 6.39 (SD = 2.77; with a total possible score of 9), respectively, indicating that, on average, the participants had moderate levels of knowledge and attitude. Structural equation modeling showed that improving awareness and knowledge about ASD will enhance more positive attitudes towards ASD. Efforts should be geared towards disseminating information about ASD, in order to increase acceptance of the disorder.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Developmental Disabilities
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • attitudes
  • autism spectrum disorder
  • children
  • general public
  • knowledge

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