Knockdown of ribosomal protein S3 protects human cells from genotoxic stress

Vijay Hegde, Sridevi Yadavilli, Walter A. Deutsch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Scopus citations

Abstract

Human ribosomal protein S3 (hS3) has a high apparent binding affinity for the oxidative lesion 7,8-dihydro-8-oxoguanine (8-oxoG). The hS3 ribosomal protein has also been found to inhibit the base excision repair (BER) enzyme hOGG1 from liberating 8-oxoG residing in a 5′-end-labeled oligonucleotide. To understand the in vivo involvement of hS3 in BER, we have turned to RNA interference to generate knockdown of hS3 in cells exposed to DNA damaging agents. Here we show that a 40% knockdown of hS3 resulted in as much as a seven-fold increase in the 24 h survival-rate of HEK293 cells exposed to hydrogen peroxide. Significant protection to the alkylating agent methyl methanesulfonate (MMS) was also observed. Protection to the chemotherapeutic alkylating agent Thio-TEPA was only revealed at longer exposure times where the agent became more toxic to untransfected human cells. Overall, these results raise the possibility that hS3 interferes with the repair of the DNA lesions produced by genotoxic agents that potentially could play a role in the onset of cancer and other pathological states such as aging.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)94-99
Number of pages6
JournalDNA Repair
Volume6
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 4 2007

Keywords

  • 8-oxoG lesions
  • Base excision repair
  • Ribosomal protein S3

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