Growth hormone (GH) plays important roles in a vast array of physiological processes, including growth, metabolism, and reproduction. In this study, cDNAs for two unique growth hormone receptor variants were cloned and sequenced from rainbow trout. The two cDNAs, one consisting of 2920 bp and the other of 2820 bp, share 87.2% identity in nucleotide sequence and 85.5% identity in deduced amino acid sequence and presumably arose through gene duplication. The cDNAs encode for putative 593- and 594-amino acid growth hormone receptors (designated GHR1 and GHR2, respectively), each containing a single transmembrane domain and other motifs characteristic of the receptor family. Both GHR1 and GHR2 mRNAs were present in all tissues examined. Trout GHR mRNAs are differentially expressed, both in terms of abundance among tissues and in terms of abundance within selected tissues. GHR1 was more abundant than GHR2 in the brain, whereas GHR2 was more abundant than GHR1 in pancreas and spleen. These findings expand our understanding of the evolution of the GH receptor family and suggest that independent mechanisms serve to regulate the tissue-specific expression of GHR mRNAs.
|Number of pages||14|
|Journal||Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology - B Biochemistry and Molecular Biology|
|State||Published - Apr 2005|
- Growth hormone receptor
- Growth hormone receptor expression
- Rainbow trout