Chemical affinity labeling of pure sterol methyl transferase (SMT) from Saccharomyces cerevisiae using the mechanism-based irreversible inhibitor, [3-3H]26,27-dehydrozymosterol, inhibited the SMT with an apparent K(i) of 1.1 μM and k(inact) of 1.52 min-1. The protein-inhibitor adduct was subjected to cleavage with trypsin and the resulting covalently modified peptide was analyzed by Edman sequencing from the N-terminus. The radiochemically labeled ca. 5.0 kDa peptide fragment of the cleavage mixture was shown to be contiguous through 17 residues to a segment that includes a highly conserved hydrophobic motif (Region I. stretching between T78 and F91) characteristic of SMT enzymes. The results confirm that Region I is the sterol binding/active site.