With the increased interest in the ‘carbon footprint’ of global economic activities, civil society, governments and the private sector are calling into question the wisdom of transporting food products across continents instead of consuming locally produced food. While the proposition that local consumption will reduce one’s carbon footprint may seem obvious at first glance, this conclusion is not at all clear when one considers that the economic emissions intensity of food production varies widely across regions. In this paper we concentrate on the tradeoff between production and transport emissions reductions by testing the following hypothesis: Substitution of domestic for imported food will reduce the direct and indirect Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions associated with consumption. We focus on ruminant livestock since it has the highest emissions intensity across food sectors, but we also consider other food products as well, and alternately perturb the mix of domestic and imported
|Journal||Environmental and Resource Economics|
|State||Published - Jul 2014|
Avetisyan, M., Hertel, T., & Sampson, G. (2014). Is Local Food More Environmentally Friendly? The Greenhouse Gas Emissions Impacts of Consuming Imported vs. Domestically Produced Food. Environmental and Resource Economics, 415-462.