Investigation on the vibration and flow instabilities induced by cavitation in a centrifugal pump

Jiaxing Lu, Shouqi Yuan, Siva Parameswaran, Jianping Yuan, Xudong Ren, Qiaorui Si

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Numerical calculations and experimental measurements were carried out in a closed hydraulic test rig to investigate the vibration characteristics and instabilities induced by the development of cavitation in a centrifugal pump. The internal flow characteristics in the impeller and vibration signals at four different positions of the pump system were analyzed during the cavitation process. The results revealed that the occurrence and development of cavitation could be effectively detected by the sudden increase in the intensity of vibration at the testing points. Corresponding relationships were formulated between the occurrence and the development of cavitation and the intensification of the vibration at the measuring locations. It was found out that the virtual incipient for cavitation was much smaller than the traditional "critical" point.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-11
Number of pages11
JournalAdvances in Mechanical Engineering
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 1 2017



  • Centrifugal pump
  • cavitation
  • experiment
  • flow instabilities
  • vibration

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