Constraining the degrees of freedom simplifies the coordinative challenge of bimanual asymmetric movements. This, however, comes at the cost of increased processing demands during movement preparation, referred to as the bimanual asymmetric cost. The goal of the present study was to further investigate information processing of the bimanual asymmetric cost with the response priming technique. This technique involved precuing a movement to encourage it to be preprogrammed. A different movement is occasionally cued by the go signal, which required the preprogrammed movement to be reprogrammed. In Experiment 1, 2 preprogrammed unimanual movements were reprogrammed, or integrated, into a bimanual movement. In Experiment 2, a preprogrammed bimanual movement was reprogrammed, or de-integrated, into a unimanual movement. Both experiments revealed 2 costs when integrating or de-integrating bimanual movements. One cost was likely related to aborting 1 movement and preparing another, which is the typical reprogramming cost found in response priming experiments. The second cost was likely related to constraining the degrees of freedom of bimanual asymmetric movements, which is a bimanual asymmetric cost. Integrating 2 unimanual movements into a bimanual asymmetric movement involves constraining the degrees of freedom, and de-integrating a bimanual asymmetric movement into a unimanual movement involves unconstraining the degrees of freedom. Both reprogramming and bimanual asymmetric costs occurred in 1 of the experimental conditions, and the interesting finding was that their effects were additive. Additive costs suggest that each cost affects a different stage of movement preparation. We suggest that the bimanual asymmetric cost occurs during response selection. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved).
|Number of pages||16|
|Journal||Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance|
|State||Published - May 1 2021|