This chapter sets the stage for the book, introducing the aims and the motivations of the research presented here. It also provides an overview of the main theoretical claims to be made. In particular, it shows that the universal nominal structure to be proposed will be tri-partite with all functional elements originating from the lowest region, and the formal mechanism via which to capture the adjective ordering in any given language will be comprised of both derivational and optimality theoretic components. It will also be shown that, in the upcoming chapters, a new analysis of demonstratives and relative clauses (RCs) will be presented, clarifying the relation between restrictive, non-restrictive, and seemingly supplementary RCs in article-less, prenominal-modifier languages like Mandarin and Korean. The chapter ends by remarking on how terms like ‘attributive’, ‘predicative’, ‘intersective/non-intersective’, and ‘restrictive/non-restrictive’ will be used in this book.