Intrinsic and extrinsic motivation in early adolescents' friendship development: Friendship selection, influence, and prospective friendship quality

Tiina Ojanen, Jelle J. Sijtsema, Patricia H. Hawley, Todd D. Little

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

Friendships are essential for adolescent social development. However, they may be pursued for varying motives, which, in turn, may predict similarity in friendships via social selection or social influence processes, and likely help to explain friendship quality. We examined the effect of early adolescents' (N = 374, 12-14 years) intrinsic and extrinsic friendship motivation on friendship selection and social influence by utilizing social network modeling. In addition, longitudinal relations among motivation and friendship quality were estimated with structural equation modeling. Extrinsic motivation predicted activity in making friendship nominations during the sixth grade and lower friendship quality across time. Intrinsic motivation predicted inactivity in making friendship nominations during the sixth, popularity as a friend across the transition to middle school, and higher friendship quality across time. Social influence effects were observed for both motives, but were more pronounced for intrinsic motivation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)837-851
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Adolescence
Volume33
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2010

Keywords

  • Adolescence
  • Friendships
  • Motivation
  • Social network modeling

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Intrinsic and extrinsic motivation in early adolescents' friendship development: Friendship selection, influence, and prospective friendship quality'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this