The roles played by intralist and extralist distinctiveness with respect to the recall of bizarre and common sentences was investigated in two experiments. In Experiment 1, a greater percentage of bizarre than common sentences was accessed in predominantly common lists and in lists containing equal numbers of common and bizarre items. Reciprocally, a greater percentage of common than bizarre sentences was accessed in predominantly bizarre lists. In Experiment 2, contrast (i.e., the degree of separation between common and bizarre sentence types) was manipulated. In high-contrast lists, intralist distinctiveness was more powerful than extralist distinctiveness associated with bizarreness. The opposite was true for low-contrast lists. The results support an extension of the distinctiveness hypothesis to include the independent effects of intralist and extralist distinctiveness and suggest related limiting conditions.