Interprofessional objective structured teaching exercise (iOSTE) to train preceptors

Livia R.M. McCutcheon, Kathryn Whitcomb, Craig D. Cox, Mary S. Klein, Hansel Burley, Terrance Youngblood, Cynthia Raehl

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background and purpose Interprofessional education (IPE) is important in the education of all health care students, yet limited IPE training has been provided to preceptors who train these students in the clinical setting. Simulation using the standardized student model has been used to train health care preceptors in medicine. To our knowledge, there are no reports utilizing interprofessional objective structured teaching exercises (iOSTE) to train pharmacy preceptors. The primary objectives of this pilot study were to evaluate the effects of iOSTE on the pharmacy preceptors’ perceived importance of the Interprofessional Education Collaborative (IPEC) core competencies and confidence in precepting interprofessional students. Additionally, data were collected regarding pharmacy preceptors' prior experiences in simulation and debriefing. Educational activity and setting Preceptors (n=23) participated in an iOSTE and debriefed with trained standardized nursing and pharmacy students caring for a trained standardized asthma patient. Findings Pre- versus post-iOSTE survey data showed statistically significant improvements in all self-confidence related items, including the following abilities: precept students from different disciplines (p=0.004), facilitate a simulation activity (p=0.001), conduct the debriefing process (p<0.001), and discuss with students the IPE core competencies (p=0.001). Additionally, responses to post-iOSTE survey questions assessing the learning activity showed high ratings (median=5, interquartile range=4 to 5). Pharmacy preceptors increased their teaching ability and confidence level in communicating with students from other health care professions. Summary These findings indicate that iOSTE is a useful and well-received method for preceptor development.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)605-615
Number of pages11
JournalCurrents in Pharmacy Teaching and Learning
Volume9
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2017

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Keywords

  • Debriefing
  • Interprofessional education
  • Objective structured teaching examination
  • Objective structured teaching exercise
  • Preceptor development
  • Simulation

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