Interpretation of the detection of Sarcocystis neurona antibodies in the serum of young horses

A. Grimsley Cook, V. Buechner-Maxwell, J. K. Morrow, D. L. Ward, N. A. Parker, J. J. Dascanio, W. B. Ley, W. Cooper

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Abstract

Horses that are exposed to Sarcocystis neurona, a causative agent of equine protozoal myeloencephalitis, produce antibodies that are detectable in serum by western blot (WB). A positive test is indicative of exposure to the organism. Positive tests in young horses can be complicated by the presence of maternal antibodies. Passive transfer of maternal antibodies to S. neurona from seropositive mares to their foals was evaluated. Foals were sampled at birth (presuckle), at 24 h of age (postsuckle), and at monthly intervals. All foals sampled before suckling were seronegative. Thirty-three foals from 33 seropositive mares became seropositive with colostrum ingestion at 24 h of age, confirming that passive transfer of S. neurona maternal antibodies occurs. Thirty-one of the 33 foals became seronegative by 9 months of age, with a mean seronegative conversion time of 4.2 months. These results indicate that evaluation of exposure to S. neurona by WB analysis of serum may be misleading in young horses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)187-195
Number of pages9
JournalVeterinary Parasitology
Volume95
Issue number2-4
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 26 2001

Keywords

  • Equine protozoal myeloencephalitis
  • Foals
  • Immunoglobulins
  • Maternal antibodies
  • Passive transfer
  • Sarcocystis neurona
  • Western blot

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    Cook, A. G., Buechner-Maxwell, V., Morrow, J. K., Ward, D. L., Parker, N. A., Dascanio, J. J., Ley, W. B., & Cooper, W. (2001). Interpretation of the detection of Sarcocystis neurona antibodies in the serum of young horses. Veterinary Parasitology, 95(2-4), 187-195. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0304-4017(00)00390-3