Interplay and Transition between Small RNA-directed Posttranscriptional and Transcriptional Gene Silencing in Plants

Zhixin Xie, Hua Cheng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


RNA silencing refers to small RNA (sRNA)-directed, sequence-specific regulatory mechanisms operating in diverse eukaryotic organisms. Plants possess several genetically distinct sRNA-directed regulatory pathways that are known to operate either post-transcriptionally or transcriptionally. Over the years, the sRNA-directed post-transcriptional gene silencing (PTGS) and sRNA-directed DNA methylation (RdDM), which can lead to epigenetic transcriptional gene silencing (TGS), were considered distinct pathways with little or no interactions. Recent studies have uncovered an expression-dependent pathway termed RDR6-RdDM which involves the nuclear RNA polymerase II (Pol II), RNA-dependent RNA polymerase 6 (RDR6), and nuclear RNA polymerase V (Pol V), but not Pol IV and RDR2, key components of the canonical Pol IV-, RDR2-, and DCL3-dependent RdDM (Pol IV-RdDM). The RDR6-RdDM pathway provides a mechanistic link between sRNA-directed PTGS and TGS, revealing previously unappreciated dynamic featu
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)371-381
JournalIndian Journal of Plant Physiology
StatePublished - Dec 22 2017


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