Intergenerational transmission of violence: The influence of self-appraisals, mental disorders and substance abuse

Jason B. Whiting, Leigh Ann Simmons, Jennifer R. Havens, Douglas B. Smith, Megan Oka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Scopus citations

Abstract

Although research has demonstrated connections between experiencing abuse as a child and being in a violent relationship as an adult, the specific mechanisms through which this transmission occurs are unclear. The purpose of this study was to identify the relationship between certain personal factors (self-appraisals and mental/substance use disorders) and experiencing violence as an adult. Data from the National Comorbidity Survey (NCS) 1990-1992 were utilized. Respondents who reported experiencing childhood abuse or victimization and were in a current intimate partnership (N = 590) were selected for analysis. Multivariate logistic regression indicated that low self-esteem, past year PTSD, and past year alcohol dependence were significantly associated with intimate partner violence after controlling for other self-appraisals and mental disorders.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)639-648
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Family Violence
Volume24
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - 2009

Keywords

  • Mental disorders
  • Self-appraisal
  • Self-esteem
  • Substance abuse
  • Violence transmission

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