Intercontinental divergence in the Populus-associated ectomycorrhizal fungus, Tricholoma populinum

Lisa Grubisha, Nicholas Levsen, Matthew Olson, Don L Taylor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The ectomycorrhizal fungus Tricholoma populinum is host-specific with Populus species. T. populinum has wind-dispersed progagules and may be capable of long-distance dispersal. In this study, we tested the hypothesis of a panmictic population between Scandinavia and North America. DNA sequences from five nuclear loci were used to assess phylogeographic structure and nucleotide divergence between continents. Tricholoma populinum was composed of Scandinavian and North American lineages with complete absence of shared haplotypes and only one shared nucleotide mutation. Divergence of these lineages was estimated at approx. 1.7-1.0 million yr ago (Ma), which occurred after the estimated divergence of host species Populus tremula and Populus balsamifera/Populus trichocarpa at 5 Ma. Phylogeographic structure was not observed within Scandinavian or North American lineages of T. populinum. Intercontinental divergence appears to have resulted from either allopatric isolation; a recent, ra
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)548-560
JournalNew Phytologist
StatePublished - Apr 2012


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