Interaction of hydrogen with extraframework cations in zeolite hosts probed by inelastic neutron scattering spectroscopy

Juergen Eckert, Frans R. Trouw, Barbara Mojet, Paul Forster, Raul Lobo

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9 Scopus citations

Abstract

The hindered rotations of molecular hydrogen adsorbed at low loadings into a number of partially ion-exchanged zeolites A, Y and X have been studied at low temperatures with the use of inelastic neutron scattering (INS) techniques. The factors that determine the sorption sites and strength of the interaction with the host material are found to be a complex combination of the type, charge and size of the cations, their coordination to the host framework, and accessibility to the hydrogen molecule as well as the relative acidity of the framework, and lead to important criteria for the development of more effective hybrid materials for hydrogen storage. The highest barriers to rotation were found for the undercoordinated, exposed Li+ cations in LiA and in LiX. Interaction with the extra framework Cu2+ and Zn2+ cations in zeolite A is found to be noticeably stronger than with the neutral Zn- or Cu- containing clusters in metal-organic framework compounds. Our observation that binding of hydrogen in these charged frameworks is strongly enhanced relative to those that are neutral suggests an important approach to improvement of porous materials as ambient temperature hydrogen storage media.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)49-59
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2010

Keywords

  • Hydrogen
  • Neutron scattering
  • Zeolites

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