Integration of Renewable Energy Technologies With Desalination

Ange Abena Mbarga, Lianfa Song, W. Ross Williams, Ken Rainwater

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Remote communities in many countries are in need of dependable and affordable fresh water that must be derived from local brackish water or seawater. Thermal and membrane desalination technologies are available, with significant electrical or thermal energy requirements. Renewable energy from wind, solar, geothermal, or other sources may be necessary when access to grid electricity is limited. This literature review summarizes the research reported in the last three years (mid-2010 to mid-2013) by teams of experts in water treatment, renewable energy generation, variable-power system controls, system optimization, and economic analyses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11-18
Number of pages8
JournalCurrent Sustainable/Renewable Energy Reports
Volume1
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2014

Keywords

  • Brackish water
  • Control
  • Desalination
  • Distillation
  • Economic analysis
  • Electrodialysis
  • Geothermal energy
  • Hybrid energy
  • Intermittency
  • Membrane
  • Multi-effect distillation
  • Off-grid
  • Optimization
  • Photovoltaic
  • Renewable energy
  • Reverse osmosis
  • Seawater
  • Solar energy
  • Wind energy

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