Integration of morphological, ecological, and genetic evidence suggests that the genus Andinomys (Rodentia, Cricetidae) is monospecific

J. Pablo Jayat, Guillermo D'Elía, Ricardo Torres, Silvia E. Pacheco, Pablo E. Ortiz, Jorge Salazar-Bravo, Bruce D. Patterson

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8 Scopus citations


Two subspecies of Andinomys edax are currently recognized. Andinomys e. edax ranges from southern Perú to northernmost northwestern Argentina and A. e. lineicaudatus is mainly distributed in southern northwestern Argentina. However, some workers have recognized both taxa as distinct species, stating that A. edax is restricted to Puna and Prepuna habitats between 2,000 and 4,800 m elevation, whereas A. lineicaudatus occurs in Yungas forest below 2,500 m. We assessed the taxonomic status of both forms through an integrative approach including morphological (discrete skin and skull characters), morphometric (univariate and multivariate), geographicenvironmental niche modeling (Mahalanobis Typicalities), and molecular (Bayesian analysis of cytochrome-b gene sequences) analyses. We did not find characters that consistently differentiated skins and skulls of the 2 forms. The morphometric analysis indicated that lineicaudatus is, on average, larger than edax for some measurements, but only 2 (alveolar width and occipital condyle width) differed significantly between forms. No group of specimens was clearly segregated in the PCA morphospace. Distribution models obtained separately for each taxon do not offer a better fit to the known distribution than models based on the combined data sets. We documented coincident environmental variables as relevant in the model building of edax and lineicaudatus, noting some segregation in elevation, but similar habitat suitability for the remainder of the environmental variables. The geographic continuity between niche models of edax and lineicaudatus was clear but specimens morphologically assignable to each of the nominal forms were not found in areas of overlap. The phylogenetic analyses recovered a polytomy of 4 allopatric and genetically divergent clades, which also failed to support the taxonomic hypothesis of 2 species. Based on all available evidence, we conclude that Andinomys consists of a single species. Nevertheless, observed genetic divergences among clades and their geographic distribution indicate that past events probably fragmented populations of A. edax. Actualmente se reconocen 2 subespecies de Andinomys edax. Andinomys e. edax se extiende desde el extremo sur de Perú hasta el extremo norte del noroeste argentino y A. e. lineicaudatus se distribuye principalmente en el extremo sur del noroeste argentino. Sin embargo, algunos autores consideran a ambos taxones como especies diferentes, restringiendo a A. edax a ambientes de Puna y Prepuna entre 2000 y 4800 m de altitud, y a A. lineicaudatus.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1060-1077
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Mammalogy
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 1 2017


  • Andean rat
  • Central Andes
  • Muridae
  • Sigmodontinae
  • South America
  • Species limits
  • Type locality


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